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He married Clara Louise Norton on Mar. Griswold was also one of the founders of the Fort Wayne Engraving Co. In addition to his newspaper and advertising work, he engaged in research and writing on the history of the Fort Wayne area. He died in Fort Wayne on Mar. W HEN, three centuries ago, the naked, painted savage, paddling his bark canoe with the flow of the St. Mary's turned his course into the counter-current of the St. Joseph, and there greeted his feather-bedecked brother approaching from the northward, he displayed in triumph the fruits of the hunt and challenged the other to show evidence of superior skill with the bow.
The illustration of the "coureur de bois," or wood-ranger, is after a drawing by Frederick Remington, which appears in Vol. The first white man to paddle his canoe along the south shore of Lake Erie and thence up the unexplored Maumee was doubtless of this reckless, adventurous type.
With simultaneous movement, each nimble-witted son of the forest grasped his weapon and turned in alarm to behold a sight new and terrifying. To the southward, rounding a bend in the Maumee, scarce an arrow-shot distant, appeared a strange canoe. The Kiskakons 1 —for they were of that ancient clan—were not concerned in the movements of the two red men at the paddles of the mysterious craft.
It was the third man Lonely rich women in Fort wayne mo appearance brought the quick heartbeat and threw over them a spell of silence. Slowly the canoe lessened the distance which separated it from the attentive Kiskakons. Suddenly the watchers were brought to a sense of danger; but the savages in the : 18 [View 18] Switch to Image Mode CLOSE 18 approaching canoe dispelled momentary fears by standing, with outstretched arms, while they proclaimed in resounding calls that the mission of the visitors was one of peace and friendship.
The people of the Kiskakon village, startled by the commotion, approached cautiously and marvelled at the sight of the stranger. He was clothed in garments of unknown material; he carried in his hand a thing of steel and wood—his substitute for bow and arrow—but, above all, he was of a strange and unknown race.
His face seemed white in comparison with those of his inspectors, and his light brown hair and blue eyes proclaimed him to be a visitor from afar. At last—after the lapse of untold centuries—The First White Man had arrived! To the wild people of the forest he appeared as a messenger from the gods. He might have been; but he wasn't. He was, in truth, the advance spirit of destruction—the forerunner of the hordes of the whites who would one day, with magic power, tear the boundless wilderness from the grasp of the Red Man and scatter the remnants of his people to the obscure corners of the earth.
As he stepped ashore and bestowed upon the wondering savages his gifts of sparkling be and bits of shining metals, The First White Man saw before him not the beautiful place of homes which we call Lakeside, but only the smoke rising from the fires of the village of the Kiskakons, hidden by the trees and the high banks of the river. He heard not the "honk-honk" of the whizzing automobile or the "clang-clang" of the pay-as-you-enter trolley car, but only the intermingling of unknown tongues and the call of the wild fowl. To seek a refuge from civilization—to find a home among the savages—to remain a while; perchance to wed an Indian belle—to seek a new place of abode whenever he chose to think that the power of the law "away back there" in New France might seek to grasp him and return him for punishment for his misdeeds—to live the care-free life of the wilderness—to become a savage in all but color.
He was of the type of the men who occupy an important place in the story of the frontier—the coureur de bois, or wood-ranger. What matters it?
He was but one of many of his kind. But he was the first—the very first—and his coming marks the beginning of the narrative of the thousands of men and women whose lives make up the story of Fort Wayne. Reuben G. Thwaite believes that the word Kekionga, by which the settlement was known at a later period, is a revision of the word Kiskakon, or Kichkagon, which means "to cut," referring, he believes, to the abbreviated tail of the bear for which the clan was named.
Jacob P. Dunn, the Indian historian, says: "Kis-ka-kon means 'clipped hair,' and was given to these Indians because they shaved the sides of the head and trimmed the remaining locks like the mane of a Roman horse. The student of the history of Fort Wayne must thoroughly understand the point embodied in the accompanying diagrammatic map which shows the almost continuous water route between the mouth of the St. Lawrence and the mouth of the Mississippi. The only interruption in this route is a stretch of land Lonely rich women in Fort wayne mo eight miles in width, extending westward from the present city of Fort Wayne and separating the waters of the St.
Mary's river from those of the Little river and the Wabash. In the centuries past, when the rivers and lakes were the only routes of general travel and trade, the site of Fort Wayne was, naturally, the great central point, for, across this piece of ground, or portage, were conveyed the canoes and the articles of trade belonging to the Indian, the French and the British. Let us all, then, know the meaning of the word, that we may read the story with a common interest—the story of the land over which the stars and stripes have supplanted forever the colors of France and England and where the hum of the wheels of industry and the voices of happy children have taken the place of the clash of arms and the war-whoop of the painted savage.
A portage, or "carrying place," is a pathway between two rivers coursing in generally opposite directions. In the days when the inland lakes and the rivers formed the highways of travel between distant points, it was a most fortunate discovery to find a carry place where the voyager could draw his canoe ashore, lift it to his shoulders and take it to a near-by stream, there to launch it and continue his way. The Indian tribe which controlled such a carrying place held a strong claim over its enemies in war and trade. The savages understood this and contended for it just as the whites who came upon the scene fought and struggled for a century to control the portage which marks the site of Fort Wayne.
The outline map indicates the general area of the great glacial lake which, as it subsided, left at its borders the deposits of earth and stone moraines which determined the courses of the rivers and made the site of Fort Wayne in succeeding centuries the battle ground of nations who struggled to possess it because of its commanding position.
It is easy to picture the earliest white traveler as he accidentally enters the mouth of the Maumee, 1 after coursing from the eastward along the southern shore of Lake Erie. Continuing on up the stream, his observation of the shore lines tells him he has entered a river, but this does not turn him from his determination to explore the region. Day after day, he pushes forward, until, finally, he reaches a point where two rivers—which we now know to be the St.
Mary's and St. Joseph— to form the river which has brought him on his way. And here he finds an Indian stronghold, the ancient village of the Kiskakons, on the site of Fort Wayne. The savages point out to him the pathway which le from the St. Mary's across the woodland and prairie to a smaller stream, called in later years Rivere Petite or Little river. He carries his : 22 [View 22] Switch to Image Mode CLOSE 22 canoe across the six or seven miles of the portage, launches it, and finds that he is borne out into the Wabash, thence into the Ohio, and finally upon the broad waters of the Mississippi.
It is natural to picture such a traveler—French, of course,—returning to the centers of civilization in New France Canada to tell of his discovery and to spread the news of the great abundance of fur-bearing animals in the Maumee-Wabash valleys.
This first adventurer, his identity undetermined, discovered the shortest route of travel between the mouth of the St. The above selections from the widely-famed private museum of Indian and historic relics of L. Hills, of Fort Wayne, are specimens of the handiwork of races antedating the Indians. All are made of stone.
The present history aims to indicate to a satisfactory degree the growth of interest in this particular portage, but it would seem to be helpful to suggest the main points of the coming chapters as they deal with this most important pathway of pioneer commerce. Here, during the ages beyond the memory of the whites, existed the strongest Indian settlement of the middle west. Here the earliest French explorers and traders established fortified trading posts which they controlled until the coming of the English. Here the savages overthrew the English and entered upon the years of frontier warfare which continued from the days of Pontiac until the building of Wayne's American fort.
Here, in vision, Washington saw an important point for the United States to establish its strongest western post, for the accomplishment of which purpose he sent Harmar, St. Clair and Wayne. Here, with the restoration of peace, arose the city of Fort Wayne, inspired to greatness by the building of the Wabash and Erie canal, which paralleled the portage and supplanted it, only to give way in later years to the steam railroad and the electric interurban line. And now let us speak for a moment of the rivers—these first highways of travel, without which there could have been no portage.
Inthe remains of an extinct animal known as the platygonus compressus, of the peccary family, were unearthed by workmen in a gravel pit near Swinney park. The specimen came into the possession of George A. Jacobs, Washington boulevard west, and was submitted by the writer to the National Museum for identification.
The skull is shown herewith.
The full skeleton is that of an almost identical specimen, the platygonus leptorhinus, reproduced from the article, "The Pleistocene Period and Its Vertebrata," by Oliver P. There are reasons to believe that the region was inhabited by human beings to the coming of the glacier—at least, men lived in portions of the present Ohio before the sea of ice spread its destructive elements over the region to the eastward.
That ancient, mysterious race of men whom we call the Mound Builders, chose to live in this vicinity, and the relics of their dwellings are a mute testimony of their mysterious presence. But it is not with the Mound Builder and the mastodon that our story deals. The real actors in the drama, appearing, at the first, with the same surroundings of scenery which formed the settings for the unknown comedies and tragedies of the past, shift upon the stage of action new backgrounds of hope, aspiration, defeat, triumph, and progress. And the close of this book is but the beginning, for the greater actors, we doubt not, are to come in a day which is not ours.
Joseph, Ko-chis-ah-se-pe, or Bean river; St. Mary's, Mah-may-i-wah-se-pe-way, or Strugeon creek, because of the large of sturgeon that formerly abounded there in the spawning season; the name Maumee is a form of Miami. Charles E. Robertson; Fort Wayne Public Library. F OR MANY YEARS, a veil of seemingly impenetrable mystery hid from view all certain knowledge of the movements of the earliest whites in the Maumee-Wabash valleys, due to a large extent to the fact that during the entire period of the French occupation, all documents relating to governmental affairs were forwarded first to Quebec and Montreal, in the province of Canada, and from thence to the mother country.
Here they were deposited by a generation passed away, and not, without pressure, to be unearthed by the Frenchman of today who cares not to revive the memory of a faded vision of western empire. It is only through the great personal sacrifice of patriotic men and women of America that the truth has come to us of the present day. In the expenditure of fortunes, the scattered papers in the archives of Lonely rich women in Fort wayne mo, England and Canada, as well as in the colonial records of America, have been made available, and their work of arrangement, annotation and translation, has given us the treasures from which we build our story.
The first s of conditions in the middle western portions of America are given to the world through the records of the stalwart Jesuit Fathers, who, though they thwarted some of the greatest attempts to explore and settle the western lands discovered by LaSalle and his contemporaries, worked with grim determination to make of the savages a great Christian nation which should purify the world.
Gabriel Dreuillettes, stationed at the mission of St. The invasion of the region by the Iroquois aboutwith firearms provided by the Dutch of New Amsterdam, was the beginning of a long period of years of warfare between the Iroquois and the various branches of the Miami nation. The region of Green Bay, in Wisconsin formed the center of later settlements of the latter tribes. It appears that at this time——the site of Fort Wayne was occupied by the Kiskakons and the Ottawas, branches of the Miamis, for it was in this year that Jean de Lamberville, writing to Count de Frontenac, governor of Canada, expressed the fear that an Iroquois army of 12, would completely annihilate "the Miamis and their neighbors the Siskakon [Kiskakon] and Ottawa tribes on the headwaters of the Maumee.
Before the days of the canal and the railroad, the rivers were the great highways of travel between the Great Lakes and the Mississippi.
The map shows the three routes most largely used. Inlong after the French had settled in the Maumee-Wabash valleys, the confederacy of the families of the Miami tribe was composed of two hundred and fifty Twightwees Twightwighs or Twixtwees, as written by the Englishsituated at Kekionga; a settlement of three hundred Ouiatanons on the Wabash, near the present Lafayette, Indiana; and three hundred Piankeshaws, on the Vermillion river. Champlain was the governor of New France Canada and founder of Quebec. His name is the first of the line with the Maumee region. He is believed to have seen the Maumee in or When Great Britain compelled his surrender inhe was carried a captive to England; he returned to Canada and died there in The portrait is after an old print.
All students of the Indians pay tribute to the high character of the Miamis, especially during those periods in which they were free from the contamination of the habits of their more enlightened white brothers. Father Claude Allouez refers to them as gentle, affable and sedate, with a language in harmony with their dignity.
During the time of the disputed possession of the Maumee-Wabash valleys by the French, the Miamis were of daring explorers to be connected friends of the French and foes of the English; but when the American colonists threw off the yoke of the government of the mother country, they transferred their support to the English who convinced them that the United States sought to rob them of their lands and their freedom and to bring upon them degradation and extermination. They fought against a fear of ultimate ruin, and the fierceness of their opposition reveals the intensity of their effort to discourage and terrify the American invader and cause him to abandon his desire to inhabit the west.Lonely rich women in Fort wayne mo
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