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Now it appears that the Canadian government, too, is engaged in surreptitiously spying on its citizens, in collaboration with the NSA. Canada has also been caught spying on Brazil. The United States and Canada are clearly close partners in the creation of an insidious global surveillance system that blatantly violates domestic and international human rights with impunity.

In October, Snowden exposed the extent of the Canadian government's spying activities. The two agencies have had close relations for more than six decades and share intelligence on each other's citizens. Both spy on their own citizens as well as on each others' nationals, and pass this information on to each other, thereby circumventing any legal restrictions on domestic surveillance.

Such close co-operation is part of the "Five Eyes" program of the U. As one observer put it, "CSEC operations are shrouded in almost total secrecy, authorized under ministerial directives that are themselves so secret that their subject matter, let alone their contents, is secret. According to documents leaked by Snowden, in CSEC used a spying program code-named Olympia "to map the phone calls, e-mails, and video conferences made within the mines and energy ministry. With a population of million, Brazil has one of the world's largest economies boasting a Single women seeking nsa Brazil industrial sector and enormous oil deposits.

Brazil's Embraer corporation is one the largest aircraft manufacturers in the world, while the state-owned Petrobras has the second biggest oil reserves in South America. Canada and Brazil are rivals in the economic sectors of aircraft exports, oil exploitation, mining, and agriculture. Canadian spying on Brazil's Ministry of Mines and Energy appears to be aimed at giving Canadian companies an advantage over competitors in the bidding for drilling rights on auctioned oil blocks in Brazil, and getting information related to the perceived competitive threat posed by Brazil's oil sector to Canada's tar sands as a destination for foreign investment.

Four Canadian companies recently secured 10 Brazilian oil blocks in an auction of blocks. Brazilian Foreign Minister Luis Alberto Machado expressed outrage at the revelations of Canadian spying and demanded an explanation, as did Brazilian President Dilma Rousseff, who accused Canada of violating her country's sovereignty.

She called the spying "unacceptable" and an act of industrial espionage. Rousseff had already frozen all major relations with the United States and cancelled her planned visit to Washington after that country's spying on Brazil was also revealed by Snowden in September.

According to The Globe and Mail, Canada-Brazil economic relations are at a "standstill" due to the spying revelations, and Brazilian officials have pledged "to closely scrutinize the activities of Canadian mining companies and other investors in Brazil.

Prime Minister Stephen Harper has responded to the major spying scandal disingenuously by saying that he is "very concerned" about reports that CSEC is involved in industrial espionage in Brazil as if he hadn't known about it. Harper vaguely promised "appropriate follow-up" on the charges, indicating further disdain for Brazil's sovereignty. The newspaper explains that "[CSEC] has participated in secret meetings in Ottawa where Canadian security agencies briefed energy corporations.

Claims of spying on the [Brazilian] ministry by CSEC come amid the Canadian government's increasingly aggressive promotion of resource corporations at home and abroad, including unprecedented surveillance and intelligence sharing with companies. According to freedom of information documents obtained by the Guardian, the meetings — conducted twice a year since — involved federal ministries, spy and police agencies, and representatives from scores of companies who obtained high-level security clearance.

Since coming to power, Conservative Prime Minister Stephen Harper has used his government apparatus to serve a natural resources development agenda, while creating sweeping domestic surveillance programs that have kept close tabs on indigenous and environmental opposition and shared intelligence with companies. Harper has transformed Canada's foreign policy to offer full diplomatic backing to foreign mining and oil projects, tying aid pledges to their advancement and tly funding Single women seeking nsa Brazil with companies throughout Africa, South America and Asia.

They've muzzled scientists, gutted environmental laws, reneged on our international climate commitments, labelled environmental critics as criminals and traitors, and have now been caught engaging in economic espionage in a friendly country.

Canadians, and our allies, have a right to ask who exactly is receiving the gathered intelligence and whose interests are being served'. Greenwald then gave the information to the Brazilian OGlobo channel television investigative journalism program Fantastico.

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In an interview with The Globe and Mail, Greenwald explained that "Brazil is the tip of the iceberg on Canadian spying" and that "more disclosures about Canada's aggressive foreign spying activities are coming. According to Greenwald, "There is a huge amount of stuff about Canada in these archives [held by Snowden] because Canada works so closely with the NSA Canadians should know that there is nothing really unique about what Canada is doing to Brazil — it's not like Brazil is the only target for Canada. The reason this is so newsworthy is that the U. This very "sensitive" operation included breaking into the delegates' smart-phones to gather their e-mail messages and calls.

Greenwald was struck by how avidly Canada participated in the NSA's most damaging activities. ificantly, Greenwald added in an interview with the CBC that there would be further revelations also about CSEC spying on "ordinary [Canadian] citizens": "There's a lot of other documents, about [CSEC] spying on ordinary citizens, on allied governments, on the world, and their co-operation with the U. I think most Canadian citizens will find [this] quite surprising, if not shocking, because it's all done in secret and Canadians are not aware of it.

In June, a Globe and Mail article made clear that CSEC is conducting a vast program of domestic surveillance in Canada that blatantly violates Canadians' civil liberties. Since"CSEC has been systematically mining the metadata of Canadians' electronic communications — phone calls, e-mails, text messages, Internet visits, and collecting, thereby, information that can be used to develop comprehensive profiles of the habits and social networks of targeted individuals and groups. Peter Mackay, Canada's Defence Minister, told Parliament in response to a question about the mass surveillance of Canadians' communications: "I have a he-up for the member This is something that has been happening for years.

According to Keith Jones writing on the World Socialist website: "As Canada's government from andthe Liberals oversaw a vast expansion of the repressive powers of the state, including the issuing by Defence Minister Bill Graham of a ministerial directive in authorizing the metadata mining of Canadians' electronic communications.

Canadian officials maintain that the country's laws prevent CSEC from spying on Canadians, but, as Jones puts it: "This is a patent lie, and the fact that the government and CSEC invoke it so readily is itself in an indication that there is much they want to hide. Both agencies claim that they do not spy on their citizens, which is Single women seeking nsa Brazil but even if this were true, the claim is deceptive because they can get the information they seek on their citizens from any of the other "Five Eyes" agencies.

Ed Patrick points out on the World Socialist website that, "Since almost all Canadian Internet traffic passes Single women seeking nsa Brazil the United States — an e-mail from Montreal or Toronto could pass through several American locations before being returned to Canada — Canadian communications are inevitably intercepted en masse by the NSA, which has no legal or constitutional restrictions on eavesdropping on Canadians. In response to direct questions on the subject, the Canadian government has systemically refused to deny that the NSA passes on information to Canada's national-security apparatus.

Easter says that it was "common" for the NSA "to pass on information about Canadians. In order to provide legal justification for spying on its citizens, the Canadian government conveniently considers metadata the container in which a communication occurs, and so not constitutionally exempt from surveillance.

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The government's position is that it has the right to spy on who you send e-mails to and receive them from, with the same being the case for phone calls and text messages, as long as CSEC does not look at the content of all these messages. But, with such detailed information, a lot can be discovered about any person, and this obviously constitutes massive spying. Also, once CSEC has all this information, how do we know it is not examining the contents of the communications as well? Are we to trust the word of a government that is already spying on us without our permission?

As Keith Jones explains: "Through such metadata mining it is possible for the state to rapidly develop a detailed portrait of an individual — including his place of work, political views, associates, and whereabouts — and of the members and supporters of any group deemed by the state to be a potential threat to national security. This official Canadian denial cannot be taken seriously, given that the NSA and CSEC are very close partners and have been sharing intelligence for more than six decades.

Following the Obama administration in the U. In Canada's case, this would be a petro-police state since both the Harper government's spying on Brazil and its ominous domestic surveillance appear tied to its economic strategy based on expanding the profits of Canada's oil and mining companies. This obsessive focus on resource extraction has already made Canada an international disgrace by turning it into a leading destroyer of the global environment. Single women seeking nsa Brazil spying scandal further shames Canada worldwide and damages its relations with an important country.

The resource obsession has also deindustrialized Canada, made it increasingly a puppet of Washington, and violated its people's basic freedoms. As a February Guardian article by Stephen Leahy titled "Canada's Environmental Activists Seen as Threat to National Security" puts it: "Monitoring of environmental activists in Canada by the country's police and security agencies has become the 'new normal,' according to a researcher who has analyzed security documents released under freedom of information laws.

Security and police agencies have been increasingly conflating terrorism and extremism with peaceful citizens exercising their democratic rights to organize petitions, protest and question government policies, said Jeffrey Monaghan of the Surveillance Studies Centre at Queen's University in Kingston, Ontario. Protests and opposition to Canada's resource-based economy, especially oil and gas production, are now viewed as threats to national security, Monaghan said.

In a Canadian Senate committee on national security and defence meeting on Feb. Fadden said they are 'following a of cases where we think people might be inclined to acts of terrorism'.

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Such purported inclinations to "terrorism" resulted in many activists being jailed by the police in Toronto ina week before the G Summit began there. The activists had done absolutely nothing wrong. Their only "offence" was that they might do something the government would not like after the G leaders arrived, making it clear that Canadians have no right to demonstrate or even plan to do so.

For his publications, visit www. Author s :. Asad Ismi. November 1, International relations, peace and conflict. National Office.

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Massive Secret Surveillance in Canada