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Fall Robert Max Jackson.
In this course, we will work together to explain inequalities between women and men and to interpret what they mean for people's lives. Most of what we do, think and feel depends on what it means to be male or female, and on the different expectations that people have for men and women. Gender distinctions permeate the institutions, opportunities, and ideas around us.
Our goal is to make sense of this. Some questions we address are:. What do we mean by gender inequality? How does it arise? Why does it take different forms? Why do some societies have more gender inequality than do others? How do institutions like the family, the economy, and religion affect the social position of women and men?
How do the direct relations between women and men — as friends, brothers and sisters, lovers, spouses, parents and children, colleagues, bosses and employees — depend on the social positions of women and men? Why and when does sex inequality change? Through reading and discussion, and through critically examining our own lives, we will build our analytical tools to understand and talk about Women for sex Jackson inequality knowledgeably and perceptively.
We will also try to expand our general skills in theoretical criticism and social analysis. In brief, we all should attend class consistently and punctually, and in class discussions. We all must write regularly about the ways our lives illustrate or challenge the ideas we study, prepare a "gender social biography" for a term paper, take brief quizzes on each topic, and take a final exam.
All students should try to take part in our regular class discussions. We will work together to foster a cooperative environment. We want everyone to feel free to express ideas, however those ideas may differ. We also want to promote an atmosphere where any and all questions are welcome. Those who do an outstanding job at class participation will receive extra credit for it. Each student will write a "gender social biography" for a term paper. These papers will explore how circumstances and experiences have shaped our identities with respect to gender expectations and how sometimes our responses have led us to defy or ignore those expectations.
The papers will take into the various kinds of social influences and experiences studied in this class. During the semester, for each section of the course we will a write brief biographical analysis, considering how the development of our gender identity relates to that topic.
These commentaries will then be the starting point for writing the final term paper. For details about the gender social biography, please see the links in the following box. Please be aware that we will not accept late papers. We will have brief weekly quizzes on the reading materials, emphasizing the concerns raised by the study questions attached to each topic below.
We will have a final examination the last day in class that will cover all of the course material. Both the quizzes and the final exam will focus on understanding the main ideas of the materials we read and discuss in class. A class is a collective learning enterprise. We all want to act responsibly and with decorum or our enterprise founders. To make the class work for all of us, we can all try to show up to class on time, pay attention, and avoid things that can irritate others, such as talking to the person next to us when someone is presenting their ideas to the class, eating noisily, or the like.
If we are meeting "remotely," via video, everyone should be on screen throughout the class, with attention focused on whoever is talking. We will have a lot of discussion, some among all in the class, some in smaller groups. Everyone is always free to disagree with other people's ideas - indeed we encourage challenges based on disagreements about what research has shown or the logical implications of claims - but we should all treat everyone else and their ideas respectfully. Plagiarism or academic dishonesty of any kind will not be tolerated. For submissions.
Excerpts from Down So Long When relevant, the s we want to read appear in brackets at the end of each listed reading. If the listing does not include s for a reading, it means that we read the entire article or chapter. To analyze the causes of gender inequality, we need to know what we mean by gender inequality. How can we conceive of and talk about gender inequality in ways that are general enough to apply Women for sex Jackson the range of relevant phenomena, consistent enough to minimize conceptual ambiguities, and precise enough to be analytically effective?
Gender inequality has been extraordinarily diverse and wide spread. Women and men are unequal in every conceivable way in endless circumstances, both immediate and enduring, by both objective criteria and subjective experience. So, what counts as gender inequality? Can we characterize it in ways that let us confidently and impartially assess when there is more or less of it?
Can we systematically and consistently capture the ways that systems or instances of gender inequality differ in content or character? We need tools, both theoretical and empirical, to qualify and quantify gender inequality if we hope to understand and explain it. Study Questions. Gender inequality is expressed and reinforced or challenged in every interaction between women and men and in many interactions among those of the same sex.
This pattern is true for all forms of social inequality and social distinction, but is more striking to gender theorists because kinship and sexuality make male-female interactions so frequent. We want to consider how people experience and act out gender in their day-to-day lives. We want to think about the most basic questions. Why and when do women and men act differently?
Why and when do people respond differently to women than men? How do all these private individual actions when taken together over time influence the understanding of gender in a culture and gender inequality? Although scholars disagree if women have ever been fully equal or had higher status in any society, all agree that men have been dominant in most societies, although the degree of dominance varies greatly. This strong pattern raises difficult questions concerning how we explain the prevalence of male dominance, questions for which no answers have yet gained a consensus.
The "origins" problem asks how we can explain the apparently independent rise of gender inequality in societies all over the world. The universality problem asks why have women apparently occupied a subordinate position in all societies.
Together, these inescapably lead to asking how biological differences influence gender inequality, particularly how they have an influence under some conditions and not under others. They also force us to ask how explaining the "origins" of gender inequality relates to explaining the "persistence" of gender inequality. How theories handle these issues is decisive for their form and effectiveness. Theories sometimes try to sidestep these questions, but avoidance is an unrealistic strategy because sooner or later efforts to apply the theories or contend with challenges bring these issues to the surface.
Family and kinship institutions are everywhere crucial to the status of women and men and to their cultural identities. Women and men have strong and lasting relationships as spouses, as parents and children, and as brothers and sisters. Kinship rules define relationships at birth while marriage creates bonds between adults and often kinship groups.
Family structures vary considerably, but commonly involve living together, pooling of resources, and interests bonded through a shared fate. That such links between women and men can coexist with severe gender inequality is analytically challenging. Not surprisingly, a lot of theoretical and empirical work has sought to disentangle and explain these relationships. Probably the two general issues in the modern world that have received the most attention concern the ways that women Women for sex Jackson men are unequal within families and the interdependence between inequality within families and the gender inequality that exists outside families, particularly within economic and political processes.
Everyone recognizes the importance of sexuality, but the basic facts about sexual behavior remain vague, ambiguous, and confusing to most. Before we can talk about the causes and consequences of sexual behavior, we need to understand some things about who does what. What are the sexual practices common in the population, how have they changed over time, how do they differ across Women for sex Jackson groups and subcultures?
Who does what and why? Sexuality has been evoked in multiple ways in the study of gender inequality. It may be considered as a possible motivating cause for inequality, examined for the ways it reflects or is effected by gender inequality, or incorporated as a peculiar tension between women and men that mediates both the causes and effects of gender inequality. Essentially everyone recognizes sexuality as critically important to gender inequality, but it eludes comprehensive analysis. Most theoretical approaches to gender inequality suggest that violence between women and men plays a role in sustaining inequality; some also point toward violence as an initial cause.Women for sex Jackson
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Michael Jackson was ‘scared to death’ of sex with women and was so ‘repulsed’ by prostitutes he burst into tears and read the Bible